Biomarker Menu
Biomarker Menu

Explore Our Biomarker Menu

Including 400+ Biomarker Offerings for a Range of Disease States

Return to Biomarker Menu

Biomarker: AFP

Search for Biomarkers

Analyte:

AFP

Platform:

Status:

Experienced Running

Biological or Clinical Significance:

Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP, α-fetoprotein; also sometimes called alpha-1-fetoprotein, alpha-fetoglobulin, or alpha fetal protein) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the AFP gene. The AFP gene is located on the q arm of chromosome 4 (4q25).

AFP is a major plasma protein produced by the yolk sac and the liver during fetal development. It is thought to be the fetal form of serum albumin. AFP binds to copper, nickel, fatty acids and bilirubin and is found in monomeric, dimeric and trimeric forms. AFP is a glycoprotein of 591 amino acids and a carbohydrate moiety.

AFP is the most abundant plasma protein found in the human fetus. Plasma levels decrease rapidly after birth but begin decreasing prenatally starting at the end of the first trimester. Normal adult levels are usually achieved by the age of 8 to 12 months. The function of AFP in adult humans is unknown; however, in rodents it binds estradiol to prevent the transport of this hormone across the placenta to the fetus. The main function of this is to prevent the virilization of female fetuses. As human AFP does not bind estrogen, its function in humans is less clear.

References:

Speak to a Scientist












What would you like to discuss?

With whom will we be speaking?






I consent to receive communications (which may include, phone, email, social, and re-targeting ads) from BioAgilytix. I understand I may proactively manage my preferences or opt-out of communications with BioAgilytix at any time using the unsubscribe link provided in all of BioAgilytix’s email communications and can learn more by reading the privacy policy.

Yes I confirm that I am over the age of 16 and I consent to communications from BioAgilytix.









biomarker services

Services

See how our premier bioanalytical services support all phases of biomarker, immunogenicity, PK, and cell-based assay studies.

Explore our services

case studies

Case Studies

Learn why we’re a trusted partner to 22 of the top 25 global pharma and biotech companies.

Read our case studies