Biomarker Menu
Biomarker Menu

Explore Our Biomarker Menu

Including 400+ Biomarker Offerings for a Range of Disease States

Return to Biomarker Menu

Biomarker: B2M

Search for Biomarkers

Analyte:

B2M

Platform:

Status:

Experienced Running

Biological or Clinical Significance:

β2 microglobulin also known as B2M is a component of MHC class I molecules, which are present on all nucleated cells (excludes red blood cells).[2][3] In humans, the β2 microglobulin protein[4] is encoded by the B2M gene. In patients on long-term hemodialysis, it can aggregate into amyloid fibers that deposit in joint spaces, a disease known as dialysis-related amyloidosis.

Mice models deficient for the β2 microglobulin gene have been engineered. These mice demonstrate that β2 microglobulin is necessary for cell surface expression of MHC class I and stability of the peptide binding groove. In fact, in the absence of β2 microglobulin, very limited amounts of MHC class I (classical and non-classical) molecules can be detected on the surface. In the absence of MHC class I, CD8 T cells cannot develop. (CD8 T cells are a subset of T cells involved in the development of acquired immunity.) Low levels of β2 microglobulin can indicate non-progression of HIV.

References:

Speak to a Scientist

















What would you like to discuss?

With whom will we be speaking?






I consent to receive communications (which may include, phone, email, social, and re-targeting ads) from BioAgilytix. I understand I may proactively manage my preferences or opt-out of communications with BioAgilytix at any time using the unsubscribe link provided in all of BioAgilytix’s email communications and can learn more by reading the privacy policy.

Yes I confirm that I am over the age of 16 and I consent to communications from BioAgilytix.


biomarker services

Services

See how our premier bioanalytical services support all phases of biomarker, immunogenicity, PK, and cell-based assay studies.

Explore our services

case studies

Case Studies

Learn why we’re a trusted partner to 22 of the top 25 global pharma and biotech companies.

Read our case studies