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Biomarker: PDGFRβ (pY751)

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PDGFRβ (pY751)

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Experienced Running

Biological or Clinical Significance:

Beta-type platelet-derived growth factor receptor is a protein that in humans is encoded by the PDGFRB gene. This gene encodes a cell surface tyrosine kinase receptor for members of the platelet-derived growth factor family. These growth factors are mitogens for cells of mesenchymal origin. The identity of the growth factor bound to a receptor monomer determines whether the functional receptor is a homodimer or a heterodimer, composed of both platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha and beta polypeptides. This gene is flanked on chromosome 5 by the genes for granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor and macrophage-colony stimulating factor receptor; all three genes may be implicated in the 5q- syndrome. A translocation between chromosomes 5 and 12, that fuses this gene to that of the translocation, ETV6, leukemia gene, results in chronic myeloproliferative disorder with eosinophilia.

Tyr751 in the kinase-insert region of PDGFRβ is the docking site for PI3 kinase. Phosphorylated pentapeptides derived from Tyr751 of PDGFRβ (pTyr751-Val-Pro-Met-Leu) inhibit the association of the carboxy-terminal SH2 domain of the p85 subunit of PI3 kinase with PDGFRβ. Tyr740 is also required for PDGFRβ-mediated PI3 kinase activation.

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