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Biomarker: Resistin

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Analyte:

Resistin

Platform:

Status:

Experienced Running

Biological or Clinical Significance:

Resistin also known as C/EBP-epsilon-regulated myeloid-specific secreted cysteine-rich protein (XCP1) is a cysteine-rich adipose-derived peptide hormone that in humans is encoded by the RETN gene. In primates, pigs, and dogs, resistin is secreted by immune and epithelial cells, while, in rodents, it is secreted by adipose tissue. Resistin is an adipose-derived hormone (similar to a cytokine) whose physiologic role has been the subject of much controversy regarding its involvement with obesity and type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM).

Resistin has been shown to cause “high levels of ‘bad’ cholesterol (low-density lipoprotein or LDL), increasing the risk of heart disease. Resistin increases the production of LDL in human liver cells and also degrades LDL receptors in the liver. As a result, the liver is less able to clear ‘bad’ cholesterol from the body. Resistin accelerates the accumulation of LDL in arteries, increasing the risk of heart disease. Resistin adversely impacts the effects of statins, the main cholesterol-reducing drug used in the treatment and prevention of cardiovascular disease.

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