Biomarker Menu
Biomarker Menu

Explore Our Biomarker Menu

Including 400+ Biomarker Offerings for a Range of Disease States

Return to Biomarker Menu

Biomarker: ICAM-1

Search for Biomarkers

Analyte:

ICAM-1

Platform:

Matrix:

Human Serum and Plasma

Status:

Experienced Running

Biological or Clinical Significance:

ICAM-1 (Intercellular Adhesion Molecule 1) also known as CD54 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the ICAM1 gene. This gene encodes a cell surface glycoprotein which is typically expressed on endothelial cells and cells of the immune system.

The protein encoded by this gene is a type of intercellular adhesion molecule continuously present in low concentrations in the membranes of leukocytes and endothelial cells. Upon cytokine stimulation, the concentrations greatly increase. ICAM-1 can be induced by interleukin-1 (IL-1) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and is expressed by the vascular endothelium, macrophages, and lymphocytes. ICAM-1 is a ligand for LFA-1 (integrin), a receptor found on leukocytes. When activated, leukocytes bind to endothelial cells via ICAM-1/LFA-1 and then transmigrate into tissues. LFA-1 has also been found in a soluble form, which seems to bind and block ICAM-1.

ICAM-1 has been implicated in subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Levels of ICAM-1 are shown to be significantly elevated in patients with SAH over control subjects in many studies. While ICAM-1 has not been shown to be directly correlated with cerebral vasospasm, a secondary symptom that affects 70% of SAH patients, treatment with anti-ICAM-1 reduced the severity of vasospasm. ICAM-1 expressed by respiratory epithelial cells is also the binding site for rhinovirus, the causative agent of most common colds. ICAM-1 has an important role in ocular allergies recruiting pro-inflammatory lymphocytes and mast cells promoting a type I hypersensitivity reaction.

References:

Speak to a Scientist

















What would you like to discuss?

With whom will we be speaking?






I consent to receive communications (which may include, phone, email, social, and re-targeting ads) from BioAgilytix. I understand I may proactively manage my preferences or opt-out of communications with BioAgilytix at any time using the unsubscribe link provided in all of BioAgilytix’s email communications and can learn more by reading the privacy policy.

Yes I confirm that I am over the age of 16 and I consent to communications from BioAgilytix.


biomarker services

Services

See how our premier bioanalytical services support all phases of biomarker, immunogenicity, PK, and cell-based assay studies.

Explore our services

case studies

Case Studies

Learn why we’re a trusted partner to 22 of the top 25 global pharma and biotech companies.

Read our case studies